Tag Archives: Probability

Our day to day dilemma or delusion – Schrödinger’s cat is dead or alive?

yes-nein-or-yein

Yes, Nein or Yein? Image source – flickr.com

My wife is a cleaning freak and is currently on house cleaning spree because of upcoming major Indian festival. I had been expecting that any day my bedroom cupboard would be upside down, albeit organized as is where basis by her standard. But, it had not happened.

Today morning, I walked down to my cupboard to fetch some article expecting least what I witnessed – it was cleaned up, reorganized and I found it hard to lay my hands of what I wanted. I began to feel upset. But, I said to myself – hang on; this is nothing new. It is just my dilemma or delusion whether I would find Schrödinger’s cat dead or alive. Cat is dead; just accept the reality that cupboard has been reorganized regardless of my comfort or discomfort.

You must be facing likes of above situation a number of times every day. If your cell phone rings when you don’t want to be disturbed, your mind would instantly suspect caller to be one, you don’t want to talk to; but majority of times it would be another person, whom you won’t refuse to talk. Your spouse insists upon you to accompany for shopping and you put extra money not for spending but for not cutting a sorry figure. More often, you would find whole money gets spent, as if your spouse or shopkeepers had prior knowledge of extra money in your pocket.

So, your mind is constantly engaged in tossing the coin – would it be this or that?

Splendid substance behind story of Schrödinger’s cat!

I won’t go into technical or experimental aspects of this story; if you are interested, please go on Google. It is very easy and interesting to understand. What is very important here is to know that such simple idea has led to monumental advancements in every field – technology to physiology. Schrödinger stated that there is no way to know in advance whether the cat, which has been placed in safe part of a chamber but facing threat from unsafe part, is dead or alive unless you observe or open the chamber. If you don’t observe, then cat is neither dead nor alive; it is in state of superposition – a term which Schrödinger or science does not know till today what exactly it is – call it metaphysical. Ironically, many argue that there is unseen force or mechanism in our universe that has prior knowledge.

What Schrödinger or science could not fathom till today is – this idea has great relevance in our day to day life. Most refuse to believe there is science behind our life and there is always life behind science.

Sum and substance of this story

Things, which are in our thoughts or are unseen, have equal probability of actually being alive or dead, this or that, right or wrong, great or gory, successful or setback. Only when things surface or become reality, then we see them in one or another form.

So, game of guessing or tossing the coin that we continuously play is actually futile. There is equal chance that things would turn out to be positive or negative. Your wishing that they be positive does not make you positive; actually it is negative contrary to popular perceptions as that indicates your obsession or addiction to positive. And, if you want it be negative even for a positive reason, it is negative as it indicates your bias or prejudice.

Now comes important link from last week’s post, which is not only proven in life but also by science’s famous law of Complementarity. This law states – you would get result as per type of set up to measure it. Such set up is physical in science but mental in life.

Therefore, if you guess or toss the coin, you are negative and that increases chances of negative results or disappointments. But, if you don’t guess, you are positive (which actually implies you are prepared to accept the reality) and you have higher chances of getting delightful results.

Try above game without cheating; you would be astonished with astounding results!

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Can Artificial Intelligence ever match Human Intelligence?

Applying Artificial Intelligence! Source: http://www.flickr.com/

You can no longer brush aside subject of artificial intelligence (AI), since you might already be a heavy user of the same routinely through mobile phones, computers, internet search engines, digital calculators and GPS. It is extremely important for you to understand relevance of your own intelligence versus what future gadgets are going to provide or pinch from you.

Researchers, developers and protagonists of AI believe that one day, they would not only replicate human intelligence but exceed it to create super intelligence! You can find applications of AI beyond human calculations and comprehensions in areas like aircraft flight monitoring and control system, unmanned satellites, unmanned military aircrafts like Drone, factory robots and sophisticated medical diagnostic systems.

One of the latest advancements in AI is artificial neural networks (ANN), inspired by the hypothesis that human/animal brain or central nervous system is essentially biological neural networks. ANNs are essentially a family of statistical learning algorithms. We can say that AI is superb combination of computational and cognitive sciences, along with host of sensing devices, massive data processing and storage.

Debate whether AI can beat eventually human intelligence has been raging for decades among scientists, researchers, developers, philosophers and faith leaders with no clear conclusion or direction as yet.

How do you define human intelligence?

If you google “Intelligence”, you would find plethora of information. Read 1st few paras of Wikipedia on “Intelligence”. It talks of at least 11 parameters from logic to problem solving, which constitute intelligence. If you would look at Wikipedia on “Human intelligence”, you would discover that intelligence is directly proportional to birth weight but inversely proportional to sexual frequency! As per Howard Gardner, there are 7 types of intelligences – from linguistic to intrapersonal intelligence!! There is no unanimity of views on definition of intelligence!!!

Now, you can try your bit from the following:

  1. Is Intelligence your ability to answer a question?
  2. Is it your capability to comprehend and respond?
  3. Is it your power to sense dangers and save yourself (or others)?
  4. Is it your skill to analyze, memorize and recall at will?
  5. Is it your emotional expression?

Probability is high that you would never get a good definition or end up pumping too many words and versions into a single word “Intelligence”!

Do not be disappointed! Intelligence is nothing but “Our ability to exactly (it implies speed and accuracy) do what we chose to do”!! So, if we are given a question and we chose to answer, then we should be able to answer; if we have a problem, we should be able to find a solution and so forth. If you are able to do it accurately and/or quicker than others, then you are supposed to be more intelligent. Fact is whatever you do in your life is part of “Intelligence” and is borne out of your “Consciousness”! This is also what “Freewill” is all about!!

Barriers and boundaries of AI

Now, key question is – are researchers and developers of AI working towards above definition of human intelligence? Most likely answer is “no”, because you can clearly observe that understanding of human intelligence (HI) has been so far vague. HI is actually linked to what we are able to do in our life time – eat, evolve, indulge, imagine, innovate, sleep, smile, succeed, fail, cry, redeem and regenerate!

If we talk of specific ability, then lot of non-humans would surpass HI. For example, birds from Siberia migrate to exactly same far off places in particular season of the year without any navigation system which humans can never do on their own! Dogs’ smelling sense can catch missing culprits, which no other living being is able to do!!

Eventual run of AI is likely to face following barriers and boundaries:

  1. Capabilities of AI would be limited by limits of what researchers and developers together can think and program.
    They are humans and hence AI would always end below HI.
  2. Some scientists of AI have advanced hypothesis that there is possibility of reaching Singularity situation, which means that AI can refine and improve by itself to a level beyond definition.
    Firstly, Singularities spell end of the game, whether it is boom or doom. Nothing exists beyond a Singularity.
    Secondly much before possibility of such development, Government authorities would take control because of social, moral and ethical issues.
  3. To match human intelligence, AI would need to simulate all abilities of humans in one body or system, not distributed over several bodies! It is then nothing but a kind of human cloning, which is already banned in most countries.
    The most catastrophic thing is to artificially create “Freewill”. Imagine its use and misuse!
  4. History shows that scientific and technological advancements would always be limited by “Regional, religious, political, social and economic biases”. Beyond that would only be in Hollywood or Bollywood fiction movies.
  5. Last but not the least, if we were to get right grip on human mind and its intelligence, we would drop any thought of matching it artificially!

Great promise and potential of AI are in fields of diagnostics, computing and specific cognitive functions to improve quality of our lives. This is where we also see tremendous progress.

So friends, rejoice; your intelligence would remain insurmountable!

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Truth of the Moment – what Masses follow is mostly a Mistake!

This could come as a surprise to you; but research reveals that caption statement is not a mistake! This is not a rule, which applies 100% of time; but does apply most of the time. Action of masses being on wrong side is a high tendency and perennial probability.

Look at the examples, which prove the Truth of the Moment.

What masses tend to do

  1. Triangular love n hate
    1. If you are not happy with your boss, you would start loving his bête noire.
    2. If you get hurt by someone (even when you are at fault), you lean towards one who gives you healing, even if he/she fakes or falsifies.
    3. If you see flaw, right or wrong does not matter, in the party in power, you would flirt with another sitting in opposition.
  2. Masses getting swayed by superstitions.
  3. Person with power, position, popularity and/or prosperity gains prominence among public and press, even if his persona is poor!
  4. Fiery and flamboyant communicators are always construed by companies and communities as leaders!
  5. Everyone loves those companies giving handsome salary hikes, shops giving hefty discounts, governments giving tax exemptions, even if it means these establishments going bankrupt and everyone paying a higher and heavier price later!
  6. Majority does not like to prevent or pre-empt, since it wants to experience pain before it could recognize problems!
  7. Facing a setback; find a scapegoat first.
  8. In grip of surprise and suspense? Hold the breath to become breathless!
    Why not exhale the breath to enjoy much more?
  9. Hopes and happiness are matters of external forces. So, hopes of most are on God and happiness on spouse or bosses!
  10. One, who could touch your pain point/s and suppressed sentiments, becomes your role model, even when he has no model solution or charismatic character.
  11. One (gentle) man from a crowd start throwing stone or bottles at public property, rest would follow suit, with no clue or qualm why they should do that!
  12. “Number of tweets admiring a Beauty” can only be outnumbered by “a wave of tweets unleashed by complains of a twitter friendly netizen (net citizen) on defects in a (beauty) product”.

There are many more examples on what masses do across the globe!

Why mind of masses tends to go wrong?

Mind is not always right, especially when it comes to collective effect of minds of masses. The paradox is it is the masses, at the same time, which has power to make or break countries, communities and companies.

  • In 90% of cases, first reaction of mind is never right, since it just a reaction, without rationale, to an action, which mind experiences. It is analogous to Newton’s 3rd Law of Motion! Masses tend to act of 1st i.e. spontaneous reaction of mind!!
  • Majority of individuals has insecure feeling, as it lacks inherent strength of character and intellect. This makes most individuals to look at neighborhood i.e. they are overwhelmed by Neighbor’s Syndrome.
  • When emotions get evoked, it is very easy for our mind to get engaged and polarization of opinion happens at fast pace.
    These emotions + polarization of opinion thereby lead to what is known as “Mass Mentality”. It also, now, makes it clear that what masses follow is not based upon any logic or rationale!

How to keep your mind on right course?

  • Watch out for mass hype, hysteria or heroism. Most of these would be hypocrisies and lure you, because of illusion; these are able to create in your mind. Wise thing would be to shun these.
  • Roads most traveled look tempting; but these would not be free from rough patches and erosion! Your fear that you would miss something by not following those roads is false.
    So, be bold to follow routes, less traveled. You would discover new experience and confidence.
  • The world that you see starts from you and would end with you. So, why should others drive and impact you and your world? You need to drive them. You must observe, listen or hear and learn from others; but develop your own conscience and consciousness.
  • There is one aspect, which you need to tread carefully –
    The faith you follow would always have elements of masses and mythology, dogmas and doctrines. But at the core, all faiths favor “Help everyone; but hurt no one!” Disregard its adulterated version, if you come across. If you keep this simple principle at the apex level of all of your responses, you would do very well.

With above, you can master the Mind and Masses; not the other way round!!

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Color of one’s Blood does not change to Blue, simply because he/she comes from Famous Family, Company or College!

Look at the people of Companies, Communities or Countries; one common thing that one would notice is lot of hype and awe for those, who come from well-known families, companies or campuses! Is that justified? Is there any rationale behind? Answer is big “No”, if we talk of 100% of cases; probably valid only in few deserving cases. This kind of hype is a result from mass hysteria, past legacies, fantasies and “follow the folks” blindly!

Perception that character and color of blood of those change, simply because they come from popular background, is not only lopsided but has lot of loopholes, though most people and press worldwide project that otherwise! This is synonym to “being star struck” and is an indication of our subdued complex and confidence!! Let us try to understand whether fame and name of background helps or hurts.

Well known background names – a Blessing or Bane?

If a person comes from a family, company or college, generally acknowledged for certain qualities and accomplishments, there is a higher probability that he/she gets exposure to such environments, which gives him (with no gender bias) opportunities to learn and imbibe those qualities faster. What it enables are easy opportunities; however, it is eventually the person himself, who has to work with those opportunities to develop and become better.

A rich or royal name can easily afford to send its child to study at Harvard or London school of economics. But, it is the child, who has to be diligent and perform. So, a famous background can provide opportunities and environments on a platter; but not performance and competence! One has to work to earn those!! Unfortunately, euphoria and hysteria make most to believe that such popular names automatically bring virtues and values as a perk in concerned person/s! This is nothing but bunk!!

Coming from well-known background could be both blessing and bane:

Blessing (+) –> Environments and opportunities on platter give easy access to growth and development.

Bane (-) –> One does not learn how to drive and create congenial environments and opportunities.

B+ –> Thrives on legacies of others and get popularity and publicity by default.

B- –> Past legacies are also a burden, the weight of which prevents one to create one’s own and establish his/her identity.

B+ –> Background name and fame give one increasing exposure and elite status.

B- –> It does not mean excellence; but definitely means vulnerability and drags one down much faster for a minor default.

B+ –> Ready facilities and conveniences make life trouble free to get most of things done faster.

B- –> It creates comfort zones, which make inertia and inefficiency to creep-in.

B- –> One is often aloof from real world and hence, he/she is often a failure, when faced with hard realities of life.

B- –> One of the biggest blights for persons coming from famous families, companies or colleges is that their “virtues and pluses” are too much highlighted in hypes and hence, “vices and minuses” get hidden beneath! Therefore, these people never realize the necessity to remove the latter. This has often led to their failures, when faced with contradictions and crisis.

No one has clue how much fall of financial institutions and economic woes in USA and globe in general has been contributed by work of lads and grads of so called elite MBA and Management Institutions since year 2008!

So, such persons are a kind of ready-made food in cans, which is easy to get cooked; but one does not know how much its nutrient and nourishing values have been lost!!

History shows stark truth that majority of leaders and legends were not bright students or had elite background e.g. Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, Michael Dell, Einstein etc. Many, who turned out to be legends and famous thinkers in the later part of their life, came from elite background; but unshackled and detached themselves from their old legacies and background to reach unparalleled heights!!

How Hype has been Hurting!

  1. Preferential treatment to persons from prominent backgrounds by employers has created too many classes and creeds, strangulating harmonious development of societies and availability of larger pool of talents and leaders.
  2. Salary packages and opportunities for grads commensurate with names of their colleges; but non-commensurate with their qualities have created big discrepancies in several organizations, alienating large number of employees.
  3. Considerations as in point 2 have generally made grads’ head heavy and harness arrogance.
  4. Well known institutions do attract greater attention of Industries and State and therefore, these are able to attract funding and faculty. Like it or not, this can only happen at the cost of other institutions. This is one reason that quality of students graduating from other institutions has been taking a beating for years.
  5. Hype is blind and has emotions at the back but no rationale and logic. It prompts company management to put blind faith and delegation of power to these select persons. This has been a major cause of degrading standards of leadership and down slide of performance of many companies globally.

So, where do we need emphasis – being Elite (by background) or Evolved?

  • Scientific fact is that every class, character, background or base has its +ives and -ives. The key secret is how our mind has been conditioned by the system and/or our thinking; we have been living through and whether it enables us to see +ives first or –ives first.
    It is like looking at a glass having water – do you think effortlessly glass is half full (+ive) at first instance or half empty (-ive) first.
    This split second action of our mind over and over again makes a difference of heaven and hell, day and night, regardless of our class, creed, qualification, power or position.
  • We must not ignore the fact that families, companies or colleges acquire name and fame, because they had done certain things positive, as opposed to who had not! Hence, the system or environment of these has one great feature – if the current incumbents are conscious, they would tend to see +ives first! If they really do that, they would become superbly capable and successful.
    The paradox is that what comes handy and on platter, one tends to ignore its real value. So, most incumbents pick some +ives and most –ives. Rest of damage is inflicted on these incumbents due to hype and hypocrisies of public and press, management and managers!
  • Reverse is true for families, companies and colleges, which are not successful, since many things that they had done bear more –ives.
    There is yet another major secret of nature – when –ives would come on a platter, you would simply grab it, because these satisfy your hidden emotions!
  • Shun euphoria and hysteria, obsession and infatuation with fame and name, stars and royals, popularity and position. Color of their blood can never change to blue, to make them so distinct from you. If you don’t, damage is definite.
  • Go by only merit of people; not by their materialistic position and possession, regardless of who they are!
  • Whether we come from a famous background or fractured one, nature has given us identical opportunities – being elite by background is not essential; evolving self is of foremost essence. While evolving, we need to look at +ives first every time and pick same. Push as many –ives away as possible.

You would then become a benchmark, everyone else would like to emulate!

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